A Study of Late Pleistocene Loess Deposits, South Canterbury, New Zealand Part I. Forms and Amounts of Phosphorus Compared with other Techniques for Identifying Paleosols1,2 Academic Article uri icon


  • Four paleosols, and soil horizons within paleosols, were clearly identified in the thick calcium carbonate-free loess sections at Timaru, South Island, New Zealand, by changes in the distribution of total phosphorus and calcium phosphate in the upper 2 m to each paleosol. Extractable manganese was also sensitive in identifying paleosols, particularly the upper horizons. The distribution of bulk density values was useful in identifying paleosols; however, the maximum bulk density (>1.7 g/cc) occurred in horizons identified as B2 rather than fragipan horizons in three of four cases. The distribution of clay particles was useful in understanding the genesis of the modern soil and paleosols, but not in identifying paleosols.

published proceedings

  • Quaternary Research

author list (cited authors)

  • Runge, E., Walker, T. W., & Howarth, D. T.

citation count

  • 29

complete list of authors

  • Runge, ECA||Walker, TW||Howarth, DT

publication date

  • January 1974