Enhancing Electrochemical Performance of Graphene Fiber-Based Supercapacitors by Plasma Treatment. Academic Article uri icon


  • Graphene fiber-based supercapacitors (GFSCs) hold high power density, fast charge-discharge rate, ultralong cycling life, exceptional mechanical/electrical properties, and safe operation conditions, making them very promising to power small wearable electronics. However, the electrochemical performance is still limited by the severe stacking of graphene sheets, hydrophobicity of graphene fibers, and complex preparation process. In this work, we develop a facile but robust strategy to easily enhance electrochemical properties of all-solid-state GFSCs by simple plasma treatment. We find that 1 min plasma treatment under an ambient condition results in 33.1% enhancement of areal specific capacitance (36.25 mF/cm2) in comparison to the as-prepared GFSC. The energy density reaches 0.80 W h/cm2 in polyvinyl alcohol/H2SO4 gel electrolyte and 18.12 W h/cm2 in poly(vinylidene difluoride)/ethyl-3-methylimidazolium tetrafluoroborate electrolyte, which are 22 times of that of as-prepared ones. The plasma-treated GFSCs also exhibit ultrahigh rate capability (69.13% for 40 s plasma-treated ones) and superior cycle stability (96.14% capacitance retention after 20000 cycles for 1 min plasma-treated ones). This plasma strategy can be extended to mass-manufacture high-performance carbonaceous fiber-based supercapacitors, such as graphene and carbon nanotube-based ones.

published proceedings

  • ACS Appl Mater Interfaces

author list (cited authors)

  • Meng, J., Nie, W., Zhang, K., Xu, F., Ding, X., Wang, S., & Qiu, Y.

citation count

  • 56

complete list of authors

  • Meng, Jie||Nie, Wenqi||Zhang, Kun||Xu, Fujun||Ding, Xin||Wang, Shiren||Qiu, Yiping

publication date

  • April 2018