Molecular genetic identification of Avena chromosomes related to the group 1 chromosomes of the Triticeae Academic Article uri icon

abstract

  • A collection of 19 wheat (Triticum aestivum) probes, detecting sequences in the seven homoeologous groups of chromosomes, were hybridized to DNA from the 'Kanota' series of oat monosomic lines (Avena byzantina) to investigate their use for identifying groups of homoeologous oat chromosomes. Three probes from homoeologous group 1 of wheat, psr161, psr162, and psr121, mapped among the set of oat chromosomes 1C, 14, and 17. One homoeologous group 6 probe, psr167, mapped to oat chromosomes 1C and 17. Two oat probes that had previously been shown to map to oat chromosomes 1C, 14, and 17 were then hybridized to DNA from the 'Chinese Spring' wheat ditelosomics. They localized to homoeologous group 1 wheat chromosomes, one to the short arm and one to the long arm. These results reveal that in hexaploid oat there is a group of three chromosomes that correspond at least in part to homoeologous group 1 of wheat. The remaining wheat probes identifying other wheat homoeologous sets did not detect a complete series of homoeologous chromosomes in oat. This was presumably due to the incomplete status of the 'Kanota' monosomic series, chromosomal rearrangement in Avena, weak hybridization signals owing to low probe-target sequence homology, and (or) detection of only two hybridization bands by the wheat probe.

author list (cited authors)

  • Jellen, E. N., Phillips, R. L., Rooney, W. L., & Rines, H. W.

citation count

  • 12

publication date

  • February 1995

published in