Stable Metal-Organic Frameworks with Group 4 Metals: Current Status and Trends. Academic Article uri icon


  • Group 4 metal-based metal-organic frameworks (MIV-MOFs), including Ti-, Zr-, and Hf-based MOFs, are one of the most attractive classes of MOF materials owing to their superior chemical stability and structural tunability. Despite being a relatively new field, MIV-MOFs have attracted significant research attention in the past few years, leading to exciting advances in syntheses and applications. In this outlook, we start with a brief overview of the history and current status of MIV-MOFs, emphasizing the challenges encountered in their syntheses. The unique properties of MIV-MOFs are discussed, including their high chemical stability and strong tolerance toward defects. Particular emphasis is placed on defect engineering in Zr-MOFs which offers additional routes to tailor their functions. Photocatalysis of MIV-MOF is introduced as a representative example of their emerging applications. Finally, we conclude with the perspective of new opportunities in synthesis and defect engineering.

published proceedings

  • ACS Cent Sci

altmetric score

  • 9.8

author list (cited authors)

  • Yuan, S., Qin, J., Lollar, C. T., & Zhou, H.

citation count

  • 254

complete list of authors

  • Yuan, Shuai||Qin, Jun-Sheng||Lollar, Christina T||Zhou, Hong-Cai

publication date

  • March 2018