In sacco rumen disappearance of condensed tannins, fiber, and nitrogen from herbaceous native Texas legumes in goats
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Condensed tannins (CT) can play a role in rumen protein and fiber degradability, especially in legumes high in CT. In order to better understand their potential role in ruminant nutrition, three legume species native to Texas, Acacia angustissima var. hirta (prairie acacia) (288.0 g/kg neutral detergent fiber (NDFom), 40.9 g/kg N), Desmodium paniculatum (panicled tick-clover) (479.7 g/kg NDFom, 24.8 g/kg N), and Lespedeza procumbens (trailing bush-clover) (401.0 g/kg NDFom, 21.7 g/kg N) were studied to determine in sacco disappearance rates of key nutritional components compared to that of Medicago sativa (alfalfa) (226.8 g/kg NDFom, 34.6 g/kg N). Herbage was incubated in rumen-cannulated goats fed a basal diet of Sorghum bicolorS. sudanense (sorghum-Sudan) hay, with disappearance measured at 0, 4, 8, 16, 28, 48 and 96 h. Among the native legumes, the highest CT concentrations were measured in prairie acacia (263 g CT/kg DM foliage) and the lowest (120 g CT/kg DM) in trailing bush-clover. The lowest concentrations of acid detergent fiber (ADFom), NDFom, and sulfuric acid lignin (lignin(sa)) were measured in prairie acacia, the first two fractions being comparable to alfalfa. Proportion remaining was calculated for CT, ADFom, lignin(sa), NDFom, and N for 0, 24 and 48 h of rumen incubation. Disappearance parameters were measured for ADFom, lignin(sa), NDFom and N for the three native legumes and compared to alfalfa. Alfalfa had the highest disappearance of all degradable fractions except lignin(sa). Potential disappearance (PD) fraction for ADFom, lignin(sa) and N were lower for the native legumes versus alfalfa. No differences in N proportion remaining at 24 and 48 h occurred in the native legumes despite differences in protein-bound CT proportion remaining at those same times. Of the native legumes studied, prairie acacia shows the greatest potential for contributing rumen-escape protein, suggesting it may be a candidate for further development as a pasture and rangeland renovation legume. 2007 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
ANIMAL FEED SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY
author list (cited authors)
Pawelek, D. L., Muir, J. P., Lambert, B. D., & Wittie, R. D.
complete list of authors
Pawelek, DL||Muir, JP||Lambert, BD||Wittie, RD