North American Bristlegrass Seed Yield Response to Nitrogen Fertilizer and Environment Academic Article uri icon


  • Information on field management practices for seed production of newly domesticated grasses native to the southern Great Plains of North America has not been well documented. This study was conducted to document seed yield responses of one accession of plains bristlegrass [Setaria vulpiseta (Lam.) Roem. & Schult.] and three accessions of streambed bristlegrass [Setaria leucopila (Scribn. & Merr.) K. Schum.] to 0, 50, 75, 100, and 140 kg N ha1 yr1 under irrigation at Stephenville and Beeville, TX, during 2005 and 2006. The soil at Stephenville was a Windthorst fine sandy loam, mixed, thermic Udic Paleustalfs and at Beeville a Parrita clayey, mixed, active, hyperthermic, shallow Petrocalcic Paleustolls. Seed yields across N levels at Stephenville in year of establishment ranged (p < 0.05) from 57 to 753 kg ha1 yr1 October seed yield of accession 648 increased (p < 0.05) 305% with 75 kg N ha1 compared to the noN treatment at Beeville. Seed production peaked at 328 kg ha1 for accession 648 and 352 kg ha1 for accession 715 in spring 2006 at Beeville. Inflorescence density was positively correlated to seed yield (from 81 to 93%). Optimum bristlegrass N fertilizer management varied with accession, location, and year.

published proceedings


author list (cited authors)

  • Lopez-Garcia, J. A., Ocumpaugh, W. R., Ortega-Santos, J. A., Lloyd-Reilley, J., & Muir, J. P.

citation count

  • 3

complete list of authors

  • Lopez-Garcia, Jorge A||Ocumpaugh, William R||Ortega-Santos, J Alfonso||Lloyd-Reilley, John||Muir, James P

publication date

  • January 2011