The pre‐rRNA processing factor Nop53 regulates fungal development and pathogenesis via mediating production of reactive oxygen species
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Botrytis cinerea is a necrotrophic plant fungal pathogen that annually causes enormous economic losses worldwide. The ribosome is an organelle for cellular protein biosynthesis. However, little is known about how the ribosome operates as a machine to mediate microbial pathogenesis. Here, we demonstrate that Nop53, a late-acting factor for 60S ribosomal subunit maturation, is crucial for the pathogen's development and virulence. BcNop53 is functionally equivalent to yeast nop53p. Complementation of BcNOP53 completely restored the growth defect of the yeast Δnop53 mutant. BcNop53 is located in nuclei and disruption of BcNOP53 also dramatically impaired pathogen growth. Deletion of BcNOP53 blocked infection structure formation and abolished virulence of the pathogen, possibly due to reduced production of reactive oxygen species. Moreover, loss of BcNOP53 impaired pathogen conidiation and stress adaptation, altered conidial and sclerotial morphology, retarded conidium and sclerotium germination as well as reduced the activities of cell-wall degradation-associated enzymes. Sclerotium production was, however, increased. Complementation with the wild-type BcNOP53 allele rescued defects found in the ΔBcnop53 mutant. Our work establishes a systematic elucidation of Nop53 in regulating microbial development and pathogenesis, provides novel insights into ribosomal processes that regulate fungal pathogenesis, and may open up new targets for addressing fungal diseases.
author list (cited authors)
Cao, S., Yuan, Y. e., Qin, Y. u., Zhang, M., de Figueiredo, P., Li, G., & Qin, Q.