Flame Resistance and Physical Characteristics of Upholstery-Weight Naturally Colored Cotton Academic Article uri icon


  • This study explored the flame resistance and physical properties of two naturally colored cotton fabrics in order to determine their acceptance for passenger vehicle and airplane seat upholstery. The sample included two 306.7 g/m2 twill fabrics each of Coyote and Buffalo brown. Testing of the fabrics was conducted before and after (a) application of U6P flame-retardant (12.5% and 25%) and (b) drycleaning. Untreated fabrics met requirements of the Motor Vehicle Safety Standard No. 302, while treated fabrics (25% concentration) met the Federal Aviation Airworthiness Standard. Physical strength was reduced by flame-retardant application as well as drycleaning and was reduced in Coyote more than in Buffalo. Naturally colored cotton fabrics were judged to be suitable for upholstery use in passenger vehicles and airplanes. End use will determine physical strength requirements.

published proceedings

  • Clothing and Textiles Research Journal

author list (cited authors)

  • VanZandt, M. J., Horridge, P., & Dever, J. K.

citation count

  • 8

complete list of authors

  • VanZandt, M Jane||Horridge, Patricia||Dever, Jane K

publication date

  • October 1997