Corn Responses to Phosphorus Application at Different Soil Phosphorus Levels on a Calcareous Soil
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Phosphorus (P) in an high-pH soil may not be readily available to a crop, even though soil-testing procedures indicate high levels are present. A 2-year field study was conducted to determine corn yield responses to different rates of P fertilization as a function of soil-test P levels determined using the Mehlich-3 extractant. In 1 of the 2 years of this study, corn yields responded to P application across all soil P levels in a linear plateau fashion, indicating that P availability was limiting regardless of soil P levels. Where soil-test P was less than 40 mg kg-1, corn yields showed a quadratic response to rate of P applied both years, and when soil-test P was between 40 and 60 mg kg-1, corn yields showed a response only in the second year, when better growing conditions occurred. Soil-test P levels based on the Mehlich-3 extractant identified deficiencies in soil P availability to the crop, which could be corrected by P fertilization on a high-pH soil. Uptake efficiency of applied P was low, indicating that much of the P applied was not available to the crop. © Taylor & Francis Group, LLC.
Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis
author list (cited authors)
Wiedenfeld, B., & Provin, T.
complete list of authors
Wiedenfeld, Bob||Provin, Tony