A QTL on chromosome 2DS of ‘Sumai 3’ increases susceptibility to Fusarium head blight in wheat
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Much effort has been invested in identifying molecular markers in wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) linked to quantitative trait loci (QTL) that confer resistance to Fusarium head blight (FHB) caused by Fusarium graminearum Schwabe [teleomorph Gibberella zeae (Schwein) Petch]. Even after several generations of crossing and selection by many wheat breeding programs, resistance of the Chinese spring wheat cultivar 'Sumai 3' (PI 481542) remains among the most effective. It therefore seems that undocumented resistance QTL present in Sumai 3 were not detected in various mapping studies. Using an extremely susceptible Tibetan landrace ('Y1193-6'; unknown pedigree) in the creation of a mapping population with Sumai 3, the objective of this research was to identify undocumented resistance QTL in Sumai 3. This was accomplished through collecting disease index (DI) and Fusarium damaged kernel (FDK) phenotypic values along with 305 Diversity Array Technology (DArT) and 52 Simple Sequence Repeat (SSR) marker genotypes on 160 F 2:6 recombinant inbred lines (RILs). Disease response evaluations were based on four (two greenhouse and two field) experiments where spray inoculation methods were used. Three QTL were identified on chromosome arms 3BS, 6BL and 2DS explaining 26.1, 10.7 and 18.9% of the phenotypic variation for DI, respectively. The same QTL were also significantly associated with reduced FDK scores and explained 28.0, 11.0 and 23.0% of phenotypic variation. Lines within the mapping population were placed in eight categories with respect to their various QTL combinations. Lines with no QTL were the most susceptible, whereas those with the Sumai 3-derived 3BS and 6BL QTL combined with the 2DS QTL from Y1193-6 were the most resistant. Though the 3BS and 6BL QTL are well-documented, the 2DS resistance QTL, which was contributed by the susceptible parent, confers increased susceptibility when derived from Sumai 3. In this study no new FHB QTL from Sumai 3 was discovered, but results suggest that Sumai 3 contains a QTL for susceptibility on chromosome arm 2DS. Selection against this QTL may potentially increase resistance levels among Sumai 3-derived populations. © 2011 Springer Science+Business Media B.V.
author list (cited authors)
Basnet, B. R., Glover, K. D., Ibrahim, A., Yen, Y., & Chao, S.