Ecotourism equations: do economic benefits equal conservation? Chapter uri icon


  • This chapter compares the outcome of the two conservation paradigms (equations) with a descriptive analysis of selected case studies in ecotourism. The chapter begins by reviewing a (non-exhaustive) set of case studies that illustrate the first equation. Again, that equation predicts conservation as an outcome primarily of economic benefits from ecotourism. Second, the alternative paradigm is discussed, which posits that conservation results when economic benefits from ecotourism are combined with the institution-building benefits of community participation. Then, presents a brief case study of ecotourism and sea turtle protection in Praia do Forte, Bahia, Brazil. In this case, local residents have received economic benefits - employment and income - from ecotourism, but have not participated in management, which exemplifies the first equation. It is argued with this case that economic benefits are important for short-term conservation goals of ecotourism, but that greater involvement of the community in conservation efforts may help sustain conservation success over time.

altmetric score

  • 3

author list (cited authors)

  • Pgas, F., & Stronza, A.

citation count

  • 8

complete list of authors

  • PĂȘgas, F de V||Stronza, A

editor list (cited editors)

  • Stronza, A., & Durham, W. H.

Book Title

  • Ecotourism and conservation in the Americas

publication date

  • January 2008