Vector matter waves in two-component Bose-Einstein condensates with spatially modulated nonlinearities
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© EPLA, 2018. We demonstrate three-dimensional (3D) vector solitary waves in the coupled (3 + 1)-D nonlinear Gross-Pitaevskii equations with variable nonlinearity coefficients. The analysis is carried out in spherical coordinates, providing novel localized solutions that depend on three modal numbers, l, m, and n. Using the similarity transformation (ST) method in 3D, vector solitary waves are built with the help of a combination of harmonic and trapping potentials, including multipole solutions and necklace rings. In general, the solutions found are stable for low values of the modal numbers; for values larger than 2, the solutions are found to be unstable. Variable nonlinearity allows the utilization of soliton management methods.
author list (cited authors)
Xu, S., He, J., Xue, L. i., & Belić, M. R.