Diabetes Activates Periodontal Ligament Fibroblasts via NF-B In Vivo.
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Diabetes mellitus increases periodontitis and pathogenicity of the oral microbiome. To further understand mechanisms through which diabetes affects periodontitis, we examined its impact on periodontal ligament fibroblasts in vivo and in vitro. Periodontitis was induced by inoculation of Porphyromonas gingivalis and Fusobacterium nucleatum in normoglycemic and diabetic mice. Diabetes, induced by multiple low-dose injections of streptozotocin increased osteoclast numbers and recruitment of neutrophils to the periodontal ligament, which could be accounted for by increased CXC motif chemokine 2 (CXCL2) and receptor activator of nuclear factor kappa B ligand (RANKL) expression by these cells. Diabetes also stimulated a significant increase in nuclear factor kappa B (NF-B) expression and activation in periodontal ligament (PDL) fibroblasts. Surprisingly, we found that PDL fibroblasts express a 2.3-kb regulatory unit of Col11 (collagen type 1, alpha 1) promoter typical of osteoblasts. Diabetes-enhanced CXCL2 and RANKL expression in PDL fibroblasts was rescued in transgenic mice with lineage-specific NF-B inhibition controlled by this regulatory element. In vitro, high glucose increased NF-B transcriptional activity, NF-B nuclear localization, and RANKL expression in PDL fibroblasts, which was reduced by NF-B inhibition. Thus, diabetes induces changes in PDL fibroblast gene expression that can enhance neutrophil recruitment and bone resorption, which may be explained by high glucose-induced NF-B activation. Furthermore, PDL fibroblasts express a regulatory element in vivo that is typical of committed osteoblasts.
author list (cited authors)
Zheng, J., Chen, S., Albiero, M. L., Vieira, G., Wang, J., Feng, J. Q., & Graves, D. T.
complete list of authors
Zheng, J||Chen, S||Albiero, ML||Vieira, GHA||Wang, J||Feng, JQ||Graves, DT