Influence of metal ion on chelate–aryl stacking interactions
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© 2018 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. CCSD(T)/CBS and DFT methods are employed to study the stacking interactions of acetylacetonate-type (acac-type) chelates of nickel, palladium, and platinum with benzene. The strongest chelate–aryl stacking interactions are formed by nickel and palladium chelate, with interaction energies of −5.75 kcal mol−1 and −5.73 kcal mol−1, while the interaction of platinum chelate is weaker, with interaction energy of −5.36 kcal mol−1. These interaction energies are significantly stronger than stacking of two benzenes, −2.73 kcal mol−1. The strongest nickel and palladium chelate–aryl interactions are with benzene center above the metal area, while the strongest platinum chelate–aryl interaction is with the benzene center above the C2 atom of the acac-type chelate ring. These preferences arise from very different electrostatic potentials above the metal ions, ranging from very positive above nickel to slightly negative above platinum. While the differences in electrostatic potentials above metal atoms cause different geometries with the most stable interaction among the three metals, the dispersion (correlation energy) component is the largest contribution to the total interaction energy for all three metals.
author list (cited authors)
Malenov, D. P., Hall, M. B., & Zarić, S. D.