Contributions of Time, Format, and Subject to Variation in Recreation Experience Preference Measurement Academic Article uri icon


  • Estimates the extent to which time of measurement, scale format, and item domain introduce variance into the measurement of Driver's (1977) recreation experience preference (REP) scales. Subjects were 68 students on wilderness courses at the National Outdoor Leadership School, summer 1985. Students received a precourse and postcourse questionnaire which included multiple item measures of the following REP domains: achievement, leadership, nature, escape social pressure, and escape physical pressure. Results indicate that time and format introduce little variance, but REP domain, subject, and subject by domain interaction are important sources of variance. The latter suggests that recreation experience preferences may be more of an individual trait than a changing preference state. -from Authors

published proceedings

  • Journal of Leisure Research

author list (cited authors)

  • Williams, D. R., Ellis, G. D., Nickerson, N. P., & Shafer, C. S.

citation count

  • 10

complete list of authors

  • Williams, Daniel R||Ellis, Gary D||Nickerson, Norma P||Shafer, C Scott

publication date

  • January 1988