Thyrotropin-releasing hormone (TRH) is not thyrotropic but somatotropic in fed and starved adult chickens.
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Adult fed and starved Warren chickens, 2 yr of age, and approaching the end of the second laying year, were injected iv with 1 of the following products: 10 micrograms of thyrotropin releasing hormone (TRH); 100 micrograms of bovine thyrotropin (bTSH); 100 micrograms of ovine growth hormone (oGH); saline. The influence on plasma concentrations of thyroxine (T4), triiodothyronine (T3) or chicken GH (cGH) were followed. Prior to injection, it was clear from the control values that starvation for 3 d decreased plasma levels of T3 and increased cGH, whereas 7 d of fasting increased T4 and cGH. The plasma levels of cGH were elevated greater than 10-fold at 15 min following the TRH challenge in food-deprived chickens compared to a less than 4-fold increase in normal fed hens. This increase was followed by a rise in T3 after 1 h, which was also more pronounced in the starved animals, whereas T4 decreased or remained unaffected. Increases in T4 can, however, be obtained with 100 micrograms TSH in normal fed (2-fold) or starved animals (greater than 3-fold). Following injection of 100 micrograms oGH, a significant increase in T3 levels was observed which in fed animals was already present at 30 min, but the higher levels persisted for 1 and 2 h in fed and starved hens. At the same time, a decrease in T4 was observed in both groups of GH-treated chickens. It is concluded that TRH at the dose used is not thyrotropic but has a somatotropic effect and is responsible for the peripheral conversion of T4 into T3.
author list (cited authors)
Khn, E. R., Herremans, M., Dewil, E., Vanderpooten, A., Rudas, P., Bartha, T., ... Decuypere, E.
complete list of authors
Kühn, ER||Herremans, M||Dewil, E||Vanderpooten, A||Rudas, P||Bartha, T||Verheyen, G||Berghman, L||Decuypere, E