A translational enhancer element on the 3'-proximal end of the Panicum mosaic virus genome. Academic Article uri icon


  • Panicum mosaic virus (PMV) is a single-stranded positive-sense RNA virus in the family Tombusviridae. PMV genomic RNA (gRNA) and subgenomic RNA (sgRNA) are not capped or polyadenylated. We have determined that PMV uses a cap-independent mechanism of translation. A 116-nucleotide translational enhancer (TE) region on the 3'-untranslated region of both the gRNA and sgRNA has been identified. The TE is required for efficient translation of viral proteins in vitro. For mutants with a compromised TE, addition of cap analog, or transposition of the cis-active TE to another location, both restored translational competence of the 5'-proximal sgRNA genes in vitro.

published proceedings

  • FEBS Lett

author list (cited authors)

  • Batten, J. S., Desvoyes, B., Yamamura, Y., & Scholthof, K.

citation count

  • 42

complete list of authors

  • Batten, Jeffrey S||Desvoyes, Benedicte||Yamamura, Yoshimi||Scholthof, Karen-Beth G

publication date

  • April 2006