Genomic architecture and functional relationships of intronless, constitutively- and alternatively-spliced genes in Brachypodium distachyon
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Splicing and alternative splicing (AS) are widespread co- and post-transcriptional regulatory processes in plants. Recently, we characterized genome-wide AS landscapes and virus-induced AS patterns in Brachypodium distachyon (Brachypodium), a C3 model grass. Brachypodium plants infected with Panicum mosaic virus (PMV) alone or in mixed infections with its satellite virus (SPMV) were used for high-throughput, paired-end RNA sequencing. Here, using gene attributes of ∼5,655 intronless genes, ∼13,302 constitutively spliced, and ∼7,564 alternatively spliced genes, we analyzed the influence of genomic features on splicing incidence and AS frequency. In Brachypodium, gene length, coding sequence length, and exon and intron number were positively correlated to splicing incidence and AS frequency. In contrast, exon length and the percentage composition of GC (%GC) content were inversely correlated with splicing incidence and AS frequency. Although gene expression status had little correlation with splicing occurrence per se, it negatively correlated to AS frequency: i.e., genes with ≥5 alternatively spliced transcripts were significantly less expressed compared to genes encoding <5 alternative transcripts. Further gene set enrichment analysis uncovered unique functional relationships among nonspliced, constitutively spliced and alternatively spliced genes.
author list (cited authors)
Mandadi, K. K., & Scholthof, K.