Relationships among resistances to fusarium and Aspergillus ear rots and contamination by fumonisin and aflatoxin in maize. Academic Article uri icon

abstract

  • ABSTRACT Fusarium verticillioides, F. proliferatum, and Aspergillus flavus cause ear rots of maize and contaminate the grain with mycotoxins (fumonisin or aflatoxin). The objective of this study was to investigate the relationships between resistance to Fusarium and Aspergillus ear rots and fumonisin and aflatoxin contamination. Based on a previous study of 143 recombinant inbred lines from the cross NC300 x B104, 24 lines with the highest and 24 lines with the lowest mean fumonisin concentration were selected for further evaluation. Paired plots of each line were inoculated with F. verticillioides and F. proliferatum or with A. flavus in replicated trials in 2004 and 2005 in Clayton, NC, and College Station, TX. The low-fumonisin group had significantly lower levels of fumonisin, aflatoxin, and Fusarium and Aspergillus ear rots. Across year-location environments, all four traits were significantly correlated; the genotypic correlation (r(G)) ranged from r(G) = 0.88 (aflatoxin and Aspergillus ear rot) to r(G) = 0.99 (Fusarium and Aspergillus ear rots). Quantitative trait loci (QTLs) were identified and their effects estimated. Two QTLs affected both toxin concentrations, one QTL affected both ear rots, and one QTL affected Aspergillus and Fusarium rots and fumonisin. These results suggest that at least some of the genes involved in resistance to ear rots and mycotoxin contamination are identical or genetically linked.

published proceedings

  • Phytopathology

altmetric score

  • 3

author list (cited authors)

  • Robertson-Hoyt, L. A., Betrn, J., Payne, G. A., White, D. G., Isakeit, T., Maragos, C. M., Molnr, T. L., & Holland, J. B.

citation count

  • 47

complete list of authors

  • Robertson-Hoyt, Leilani A||Betrán, Javier||Payne, Gary A||White, Don G||Isakeit, Thomas||Maragos, Chris M||Molnár, Terence L||Holland, James B

publication date

  • March 2007