Functional inhibition of cytosolic and mitochondrial aspartate aminotransferase by L-2-amino-4-methoxy-trans-3-butenoic acid in isolated rat hepatocytes and mitochondria. Academic Article uri icon


  • The transaminase inhibitor l-2-amino-4-methoxy-trans-3-butenoic acid (AMB) decreased aspartate aminotransferase activity by approximately two-thirds in isolated rat liver mitohondria incubated with succinate, ammonia, and ornithine. Aspartate production by the mitochondria was unaffected over the 30-min incubation period, indicating that mitochondrial aspartate aminotransferase activity is normally far in excess of that required for maximal rates of aspartate production. In rat hepatocytes incubated with lactate, ammonia, and ornithine the inhibition of both the cytosolic and mitochondrial isozymes of aspartate aminotransferase by AMB was partially blocked by the presence of ammonia and ornithine. When pyruvate was substituted for lactate as a carbon source with isolated hepatocytes, the presence of ammonia and ornithine blocked the inhibition by AMB of the mitochondrial but not the cytosolic isozyme of aspartate aminotransferase. Urea formation by cells incubated with lactate, ammonia, and ornithine was unaffected by AMB unless the cells were preincubated with the inhibitor prior to the addition of substrates. However, urea formation by cells incubated in the presence of pyruvate, ammonia, and ornithine was inhibited strongly by AMB even without preincubation. The results suggest that the stimulation of ureogenesis from ammonia and ornithine by pyruvate involves the cytosolic isozyme of aspartate aminotransferase. In contrast, the stimulation of ureogenesis elicited by lactate primarily involved mitochondrial aspartate aminotransferase. 1981.

published proceedings

  • Arch Biochem Biophys

author list (cited authors)

  • Smith, S. B., & Freedland, R. A.

citation count

  • 15

complete list of authors

  • Smith, SB||Freedland, RA

publication date

  • January 1981