Evidence for a functional ATP-citrate lyase:NADP-malate dehydrogenase pathway in bovine adipose tissue: Enzyme and metabolite levels
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Activities of key lipogenic and glycolytic enzymes were determined in extracts of crude homogenates to elucidate the rate-limiting step(s) for lipogenesis from lactate and glucose in bovine subcutaneous adipose tissue. The enzymes ATP-citrate lyase, NADP-malate dehydrogenase, and pyruvate carboxylase were shown to have enough activity to account for the rates of in vitro lipogenesis from 10 mm lactate with or without 2 mm glucose. Glucose utilization for fatty acid synthesis appears to be limited by the low activities of key glycolytic enzymes, especially hexokinase. Attempts were also made to estimate enzyme activities in bovine subcutaneous adipose tissue being incubated in vitro by relating primary substrate levels to kinetic characteristics for the enzymes. ATP-citrate lyase was estimated to be operating at levels equivalent to the rates of lactate incorporation into fatty acids in the absence or presence of 2 mm glucose in the incubation media. Additionally, metabolite levels were measured in rapidly frozen samples of bovine subcutaneous adipose tissue to estimate the relative importance of key lipogenic enzymes in vivo. At the citrate and malate levels measured in vivo, ATP-citrate lyase would be operating at levels that approximate those estimated in vitro. © 1981.
author list (cited authors)
Smith, S. B., & Prior, R. L.