Metabolic pathways involved in lipogenesis from lactate and acetate in bovine adipose tissue: Effects of metabolic inhibitors
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Metabolic inhibitors were used in vitro in an attempt to elucidate the biochemical pathways by which lactate is converted to fatty acids by bovine adipose tissue. Subcutaneous adipose tissue samples were obtained by biopsy techniques from steers fed a high-energy ration. Kynurenate (α-2-diamino-γ-oxabenzenebutanoic acid) (5-10 mm), an inhibitor of acetyl-CoA carboxylase, and cerulenin (2,3-epoxy-4-oxo-7,10-dodecadienamide) (20-100 μg/ml), an inhibitor of the fatty acid synthetase enzyme complex, inhibited fatty acid synthesis from both acetate and lactate. The hydrogen acceptor, N-methylphenazonium methosulfate (10 μm) inhibited acetate but not lactate incorporation into fatty acids. α-Cyanohydroxycinnamate (5 mm) and phenylpyruvate (10 mm), which inhibit pyruvate entry into the mitochondria and pyruvate carboxylase, respectively, decreased lipogenesis from both acetate and lactate. The effects of phenylpyruvate on lipogenesis from acetate were greater in the presence of glucose plus insulin. Agaric acid (2-hydroxy-1,2,3-nonadecanetricarboxylic acid) (0.2 and 1.0 mm), which inhibits citrate efflux from the mitochondria also decreased lipogenesis from both acetate and lactate. Fluoroacetate (2.5 mm), an inhibitor of aconitate hydratase, had no effect on lipogenesis from acetate; but, in the presence of glucose or pyruvate, decreased lactate incorporation into fatty acids. n-Butylmalonate (5 mm), which blocks malate transport across the mitochondrial membrane, decreased lipogenesis from lactate but not acetate. Malate transport during lipogenesis is not associated with an operative malate:asparate shuttle in bovine adipose tissue, as indicated by the lack of effect of either 0.2 or 1.0 mm aminooxyacetate, a transaminase inhibitor, on lipogenesis from acetate or lactate. The results suggest a functional ATP-citrate lyase:NADP-malate dehydrogenase pathway in bovine subcutaneous adipose tissue and that this pathway may be involved in lipogenesis from acetate as well as lactate. © 1981.
author list (cited authors)
Prior, R. L., Smith, S. B., & Jacobson, J. J.