GEARS: response strategy for oil and hazardous spills
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A discussion is presented of the geochemical and environmental assessment response strategy (GEARS) which could provide a quick starting point for managers to undertake the damage assessment aspects of future spills. GEARS has two functions: First, it provides baseline damage assessment information at a spill site. Second, since there are many long-term monitoring sites in the nation's estuaries and coastal waters, it is important to know what impact a spill has on the suitability of these sites for continued long-term monitoring for status and trends evaluation of these waters. The authors certain relevant chemical and biological parameters to monitor - based on proximity of the spill to established monitoring sites, size of spill, type of spill, etc. - that would serve as the basic protocols of the GEARS sampling strategy. The first step in a GEARS strategy is to identify baseline information from the site. Another program that will have major applicability to a GEARS assessment in the future is EPA's EMAP-NC program. This program is designed to provide a quantitative assessment of the regional extent of coastal environmental problems by measuring status and change in selected ecological condition indicators in U.S. estuaries, bays, and near-shore waters. GEARS is an extemely natural progression and a cost-effective spin-off of these national programs. It provides regional resource managers and federal damage assessment programs a quick and highly precise portfolio of standardized protocols that hazardous response teams can use in the crises of the moment for damage assessment studies.
author list (cited authors)
Brooks, J. M., Champ, M. A., Wade, T. L., & McDonald, S. J.
complete list of authors
Brooks, JM||Champ, MA||Wade, TL||McDonald, SJ