A nucleoprotein complex containing CCAAT/enhancer-binding protein beta interacts with an insulin response sequence in the insulin-like growth factor-binding protein-1 gene and contributes to insulin-regulated gene expression. Academic Article uri icon


  • Highly related insulin response sequences (IRSs) mediate effects of insulin on the expression of multiple genes in the liver, including insulin-like growth factor binding protein-1 (IGFBP-1) and phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase (PEPCK). Gel shift studies reveal that oligonucleotide probes containing an IRS from the IGFBP-1 or PEPCK gene form a similar complex with hepatic nuclear proteins. Unlabeled competitors containing the IGFBP-1 or PEPCK IRS or a binding site for C/EBP proteins inhibit the formation of this complex. Antibody against C/EBPbeta (but not other C/EBP proteins) supershifts this complex, and Western blotting of affinity purified proteins confirms that C/EBPbeta is present in this complex. Studies with affinity purified and recombinant protein indicate that C/EBPbeta does not interact directly with the IRS, but that other factors are required. Gel shift assays and reporter gene studies with constructs containing point mutations within the IRS reveal that the ability to interact with factors required for the formation of this complex correlates well with the ability of insulin to regulate promoter activity via this IRS (r = 0.849, p < 0.01). Replacing the IRS in reporter gene constructs with a C/EBP-binding site (but not an HNF-3/forkhead site or cAMP response element) maintains the effect of insulin on promoter activity. Together, these findings indicate that a nucleoprotein complex containing C/EBPbeta interacts with IRSs from the IGFBP-1 and PEPCK genes in a sequence-specific fashion and may contribute to the ability of insulin to regulate gene expression.

published proceedings

  • J Biol Chem

author list (cited authors)

  • Ghosh, A. K., Lacson, R., Liu, P., Cichy, S. B., Danilkovich, A., Guo, S., & Unterman, T. G.

citation count

  • 39

complete list of authors

  • Ghosh, AK||Lacson, R||Liu, P||Cichy, SB||Danilkovich, A||Guo, S||Unterman, TG

publication date

  • December 2000