Isolation of A/D and C genome specific dispersed and clustered repetitive DNA sequences from Avena sativa. Academic Article uri icon


  • DNA gel-blot and in situ hybridization with genome-specific repeated sequences have proven to be valuable tools in analyzing genome structure and relationships in species with complex allopolyploid genomes such as hexaploid oat (Avena sativa L., 2n = 6x = 42; AACCDD genome). In this report, we describe a systematic approach for isolating genome-, chromosome-, and region-specific repeated and low-copy DNA sequences from oat that can presumably be applied to any complex genome species. Genome-specific DNA sequences were first identified in a random set of A. sativa genomic DNA cosmid clones by gel-blot hybridization using labeled genomic DNA from different Avena species. Because no repetitive sequences were identified that could distinguish between the A and D gneomes, sequences specific to these two genomes are refereed to as A/D genome specific. A/D or C genome specific DNA subfragments were used as screening probes to identify additional genome-specific cosmid clones in the A. sativa genomic library. We identified clustered and dispersed repetitive DNA elements for the A/D and C genomes that could be used as cytogenetic markers for discrimination of the various oat chromosomes. Some analyzed cosmids appeared to be composed entirely of genome-specific elements, whereas others represented regions with genome- and non-specific repeated sequences with interspersed low-copy DNA sequences. Thus, genome-specific hybridization analysis of restriction digests of random and selected A. sativa cosmids also provides insight into the sequence organization of the oat genome.

published proceedings

  • Genome

author list (cited authors)

  • Ananiev, E. V., Vales, M. I., Phillips, R. L., & Rines, H. W.

citation count

  • 20

complete list of authors

  • Ananiev, Evgueni V||Vales, M Isabel||Phillips, Ronald L||Rines, Howard W

publication date

  • April 2002

published in