Consumer preferences for geranium flower color, leaf variegation, and price Academic Article uri icon


  • Researchers often investigate consumer preferences by examining variables consecutively, rather than simultaneously. Conjoint analysis facilitates simultaneous investigation of multiple variables. Cluster analysis facilitates development of actionable market segments. Our objective was to identify relative importance and consumer preferences for flower color, leaf variegation, and price of geraniums (Pelargonium xhortorum L.H. Bail.) and to identify several actionable market segments. We also evaluated the desirability of a hypothetical blue geranium. Photographic images were digitized and manipulated to produce plants similar in flower area, but varying in flower color (red, lavender, pink, white, and blue), leaf variegation (plain green, dark green zone, and white zone), and price ($1.39 to $2.79). Conjoint analysis revealed that flower color was the primary consideration in the purchase decision, followed by leaf variegation and price. A cluster analysis that excluded blue geraniums yielded four actionable consumer segments. When preferences for the blue geranium were included, six consumer segments were identified.

published proceedings

  • HortScience

author list (cited authors)

  • Behe, B., Nelson, R., Barton, S., Hall, C., Safley, C. D., & Turner, S.

complete list of authors

  • Behe, B||Nelson, R||Barton, S||Hall, C||Safley, CD||Turner, S

publication date

  • January 1999