Overexpression of a tobacco osmotin gene in carrot (Daucus carota L.) enhances drought tolerance
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Osmotin and osmotin-like proteins belong to the PR-5 pathogenesis-related group of proteins and are induced in response to various types of biotic and abiotic stresses in several plant species. Carrot was transformed with a tobacco osmotin gene that encodes a protein lacking the vacuolar-sorting motif that is composed of a 20-amino-acid sequence at the C-terminal end, under the control of the cauliflower mosaic virus 35S promoter, using Agrobacterium-mediated transformation. Transgene integration and expression were confirmed by Southern and western blot analyses, and three selected transgenic lines were evaluated for their ability to tolerate drought stress. Under drought stress conditions, all transformants exhibited slower rates of wilting compared with the wild-type plants and recovered faster when the drought stress was alleviated. Transformants showed lower levels of hydrogen peroxide accumulation, reduced lipid peroxidation and electrolyte leakage, and higher leaf water content under drought stress. Our results provide additional evidence for the protective ability of the osmotin protein against drought stress conditions and suggest a possible means to achieve tolerance against this abiotic stress in plants. © 2014 The Society for In Vitro Biology.
author list (cited authors)
Annon, A., Rathore, K., & Crosby, K.