Divergent apparent temperature sensitivity of terrestrial ecosystem respiration
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The Author 2014. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences and the Botanical Society of China. All rights reserved. Aims Recent studies revealed convergent temperature sensitivity of ecosystem respiration (Re) within aquatic ecosystems and between terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems. We do not know yet whether various terrestrial ecosystems have consistent or divergent temperature sensitivity. Here, we synthesized 163 eddy covariance flux sites across the world and examined the global variation of the apparent activation energy (Ea), which characterizes the apparent temperature sensitivity of and its interannual variability (IAV) as well as their controlling factors. Methods We used carbon fluxes and meteorological data across FLUXNET sites to calculate mean annual temperature, temperature range, precipitation, global radiation, potential radiation, gross primary productivity and Re by averaging the daily values over the years in each site. Furthermore, we analyzed the sites with >8 years data to examine the IAV of Ea and calculated the standard deviation of Ea across years at each site to characterize IAV. Important Findings The results showed a widely global variation of Ea, with significantly lower values in the tropical and subtropical areas than in temperate and boreal areas, and significantly higher values in grasslands and wetlands than that in deciduous broadleaf forests and evergreen forests. Globally, spatial variations of Ea were explained by changes in temperature and an index of water availability with differing contribution of each explaining variable among climate zones and biomes. IAV and the corresponding coefficient of variation of Ea decreased with increasing latitude, but increased with radiation and corresponding mean annual temperature. The revealed patterns in the spatial and temporal variations of Ea and its controlling factors indicate divergent temperature sensitivity of Re, which could help to improve our predictive understanding of Re in response to climate change.
author list (cited authors)
Song, B., Niu, S., Luo, R., Luo, Y., Chen, J., Yu, G., ... Merbold, L.
complete list of authors
Song, Bing||Niu, Shuli||Luo, Ruisen||Luo, Yiqi||Chen, Jiquan||Yu, Guirui||Olejnik, Janusz||Wohlfahrt, Georg||Kiely, Gerard||Noormets, Asko||Montagnani, Leonardo||Cescatti, Alessandro||Magliulo, Vincenzo||Law, Beverly Elizabeth||Lund, Magnus||Varlagin, Andrej||Raschi, Antonio||Peichl, Matthias||Nilsson, Mats B||Merbold, Lutz