Legume protein precipitable phenolic and nutrient concentration responses to defoliation and ontogeny Academic Article uri icon

abstract

  • A study was conducted to determine how total phenolic (TP), protein precipitable phenolic (PPP), C, and N concentrations, and amount of protein bound (PB) by PPP in leaves of Desmodium paniculatum (panicled tick-clover; PTC) and Lespedeza cuneata (sericea lespedeza; SL) were affected by simulated herbivory and plant ontogeny. All PTC treatments resulted in a decrease (P≤0.05) in TP, PPP, C, and N concentrations and PB between vegetative and seed set stages. All SL treatments resulted in increased (P≤0.05) or stable TP and PPP concentrations from vegetative stage to seed set. The amount of PB was greatest (P≤0.05) in SL plants submitted to 25% defoliation, and flowering and seed set stages had greater (P≤0.05) PB than the vegetative stage. Ontogenesis and defoliation did not (P>0.05) affect SL N and C concentrations. The protein binding characteristics of PPP from PTC, but not that of SL, appear to be altered in response to stress. Results might correspond with seed dispersal strategies of the two species, with PTC's epizoochory making increased palatability at seed set beneficial. © 2013 Taylor & Francis.

author list (cited authors)

  • Cooper, C. E., Naumann, H. D., Lambert, B. D., Muir, J. P., & Kattes, D. H.

citation count

  • 8

publication date

  • December 2013