Measurement of deep structured experiences as a binary phenomenon Academic Article uri icon


  • © 2018, © 2018 Australia and New Zealand Association of Leisure Studies. We developed a procedure for measuring ‘deep structured experiences’ based on a conceptualization of such experiences being binary (i.e. present or absent at a given moment) rather than continuous. Deep structured experiences are heightened states of attention and motivation that may occur during a distinct period of activity. This binary approach is consistent with definitions of similar concepts, such as Maslow’s [1962. “Lessons from the Peak-Experiences.” Journal of Humanistic Psychology 2 (1): 9–18] description of ecstasy, Csikszentmihalyi’s [1975. Beyond Boredom and Anxiety. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass] description of flow, and Ackerman’s [1999. Deep Play. New York: Vintage Books] description of deep play. Yet, researchers typically model a phenomenon that is continuous in nature, measured through summative scales. Our graphical approach is consistent with a binary conceptualization. Data support the validity of this binary approach.

altmetric score

  • 2

author list (cited authors)

  • Ellis, G. D., Freeman, P. A., Jiang, J., & Lacanienta, A.

citation count

  • 10

publication date

  • January 2018