Attractiveness of Stages of Rice Panicle Development to Oebalus pugnax (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae)
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Greenhouse experiments were conducted during 2004 and 2005 with male and female Oebalus pugnax (F.) (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae) caged on rice plants at different stages of panicle development with the objective of determining the most attractive stage to O. pugnax. Field-collected insects were released inside cages containing potted plants and observed during morning and afternoon hours for 5 d. Results showed that attractiveness of male and female O. pugnax to plants with panicles at milk and soft dough stages was greater than plants at preheading and heading stages. Preheading plants were the least attractive to the insects, confirming field observations. Results imply that insecticide applications during the preheading stage are likely ineffective and that monitoring efforts during the milk and soft dough stages of panicle development should be intensified.
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