Strip cropping: A potential IPM tool for reducing whitefly, Bemisia tabaci Gennadius (Homoptera: Aleyrodidae) infestations in Cassava Academic Article uri icon


  • Insect pests and diseases are a major limiting factor to cassava production in Africa. The cassava mosaic virus disease (CMVD), caused by cassava mosaic geminiviruses (CMGs) (Geminiviridae: Begomovirus) and transmitted by whitefly, Bemisia tabaci Gennadius, threatens the production of the crop in Africa, causing an estimated annual yield loss of over 1.5 billion US dollars. A 6-month field experiments were conducted to explore the potential of using strip cropping to reduce whitefly infestations in cassava, Manihot esculenta Crantz (Euphorbiaceae). Five rows each of cassava, Jatropha and cotton were grown around a 10-row (1 m row width) 25 m cassava plots in a randomized complete block design. At weekly intervals, the levels of whiteflies infestations (number of eggs, nymphs and adults) per plot were determined. A significantly lower numbers of immature (egg and nymph) and adult Bemisia tabaci were found in cassava plots surrounded on all sides by five rows of both cotton and Jatropha curcas, clearly demonstrating the potential of strip cropping as a management option for the suppression of Bemisia tabaci populations.

published proceedings

  • West African Journal of Applied Ecology

author list (cited authors)

  • Ewusie, E. A., Parajulee, M. N., Adabie-Gomez, D. A., & Wester, D.

complete list of authors

  • Ewusie, EA||Parajulee, MN||Adabie-Gomez, DA||Wester, D

publication date

  • July 2010