DNA barcoding and molecular evolution of mosquito vectors of medical and veterinary importance. Academic Article uri icon


  • Mosquitoes (Diptera: Culicidae) are a key threat for millions of people worldwide, since they act as vectors for devastating pathogens and parasites. The standard method of utilisation of morphological characters becomes challenging due to various factors such as phenotypical variations. We explored the complementary approach of CO1 gene-based identification, analysing ten species of mosquito vectors belonging to three genera, Aedes, Culex and Anopheles from India. Analysed nucleotide sequences were found without pseudo genes and indels; they match with high similarity in nucleotide Basic Local Alignment Search Tool (BLASTn) search. The partial CO1 sequence of Anopheles niligricus was the first time record submitted to National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI). Mean intra- and interspecies divergence was found to be 1.30 and 3.83 %, respectively. The congeneric divergence was three times higher than the conspecifics. Deep intraspecific divergence was noted in three of the species, and the reason could be explained more accurately in the future by improving the sample size across different locations. The transitional and transversional substitutions were tested individually. Ts and Tv substitutions in all the 1st, 2nd and 3rd codons were estimated to be (0.44, 99.51), (40.35, 59.66) and (59.16, 40.84), respectively. Saturation of the sequences was resolved, since both the Ts and Tv exhibited a linear relationship suggesting that the sequences were not saturated. NJ and ML tree analysis showed that the individuals of the same species clustered together based on the CO1 sequence similarity, regardless of their collection site and geographic location. Overall, this study adds basic knowledge to molecular evolution of mosquito vectors of medical and veterinary importance and may be useful to improve biotechnological tools employed in Culicidae control programmes.

published proceedings

  • Parasitol Res

altmetric score

  • 1

author list (cited authors)

  • Murugan, K., Vadivalagan, C., Karthika, P., Panneerselvam, C., Paulpandi, M., Subramaniam, J., ... Benelli, G.

citation count

  • 57

complete list of authors

  • Murugan, Kadarkarai||Vadivalagan, Chithravel||Karthika, Pushparaj||Panneerselvam, Chellasamy||Paulpandi, Manickam||Subramaniam, Jayapal||Wei, Hui||Aziz, Al Thabiani||Alsalhi, Mohamad Saleh||Devanesan, Sandhanasamy||Nicoletti, Marcello||Paramasivan, Rajaiah||Parajulee, Megha N||Benelli, Giovanni

publication date

  • January 2016