SHELL AND SURFACE EFFECTS IN THE STATIC WIGNER PHASE-SPACE DISTRIBUTION FUNCTION OF NUCLEI
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Using smoothed single-particle occupation numbers, the contribution of shell and surface effects to the static Wigner phase-space distribution function for non-interacting nucleons in an external, spherical, harmonic oscillator potential well is determined. The smoothing procedure illustrates clearly the strong quantum oscillations of the distributions function around the constant value for an infinite Fermi gas, and allows the separation of the contributions arising from shell effects connected with the structure of the single-particle level spectrum near the Fermi surface, and surface effects associated with single reflections of nucleons from the surface of the potential well. The temperature dependence of these effects in the distribution function is also investigated and a thermodynamical definition of the shell contribution to the kinetic energy density is suggested. 1981.