Intravitreal Stanniocalcin-1 Enhances New Blood Vessel Growth in a Rat Model of Laser-Induced Choroidal Neovascularization. Academic Article uri icon


  • PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the impact of stanniocalcin-1 (STC-1), a photoreceptor-protective glycoprotein, on the development of choroidal neovascularization (CNV) in relation to VEGF and its main receptor (VEGFR2) expression after laser injury. METHODS: In rats, CNV was induced by laser photocoagulation in both eyes, followed by intravitreal injection of STC-1 in the right eye and vehicle or denatured STC-1 injection in the left eye as control. Two weeks after laser injury, fundus autofluorescence (FAF) imaging and fundus fluorescein angiography (FFA) were performed. Fluorescein leakage from CNV was graded using a defined scale system. The size of CNV was quantified with spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT), fluorescein-labeled choroid-sclera flat mounts, and hematoxylin-eosin staining. Protein expressions were evaluated by Western blot. RESULTS: Photocoagulation produced a well-circumscribed area of CNV. With STC-1 treatment, CNV lesions assessed by FAF were increased by 50% in both intensity and area. The CNV lesions were also increased with SD-OCT, flat-mount, and histologic analyses. FFA disclosed enhanced fluorescein leakage in CNV lesions in STC-1 treated eyes. The STC-1 protein was detected in the choroidal tissue and its level was increased with CNV lesions in correlation with VEGF and VEGFR2 expressions. Intravitreal administration of STC-1 significantly increased choroidal expression of both VEGF and VEGFR2 proteins. CONCLUSIONS: Chorodial tissue expresses STC-1, which seemingly acts as a stress response protein by enhancing pathological new blood vessel growth in laser-induced CNV. It is likely that STC-1 promotes CNV development via VEGF signaling.

published proceedings

  • Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci

altmetric score

  • 0.25

author list (cited authors)

  • Zhao, M., Xie, W., Tsai, S., Hein, T. W., Rocke, B. A., Kuo, L., & Rosa, R. H.

citation count

  • 9

complete list of authors

  • Zhao, Min||Xie, Wankun||Tsai, Shu-Huai||Hein, Travis W||Rocke, Brent A||Kuo, Lih||Rosa, Robert H

publication date

  • January 2018