Treatment with anti‐Sclerostin antibody to stimulate mandibular bone formation
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BACKGROUND: Anti-Sclerostin antibody (Scl-Ab) is a promising new bone anabolic therapy. Although anti-Scl-Ab stimulates bone formation and repair in the appendicular and axial skeleton, its efficacy in the craniofacial skeleton is still poorly understood. METHODS: Using an established model of Down syndrome-dependent bone deficiency, 10 Ts65Dn mice and 10 wild-type mice were treated weekly via i.v. tail vein injection with vehicle or anti-Sclerostin for 3 weeks and euthanized 1 week after. RESULTS: Wild-type mice treated with the anti-Scl-Ab had increased mandibular bone, trabecular thickness, and alveolar height compared with controls. Anti-Scl-Ab increased Ts65Dn mandibular bone parameters such that they were statistically indistinguishable from those in vehicle-treated wild-type mandibles. CONCLUSION: Treatment with anti-Scl-Ab significantly increased mandibular bone mass and alveolar height in wild type mice and normalized mandibular bone mass and alveolar height in Ts65Dn mice. The anti-Scl-Ab therapy represents a novel method for increasing mandibular bone formation.
author list (cited authors)
Tamplen, M., Fowler, T., Markey, J., Knott, P. D., Suva, L. J., & Alliston, T.