- 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. Cattle are important components of agricultural production systems on all continents. Globally, there are highly varied genetic types, production environments, market expectations, and management strategies. A key to improving beef cattle production is the understanding that numerous potential combinations of animal genetics, production environments, and market expectations can lead to favorable or unfavorable outcomes. This article highlights some of the major considerations regarding beef cattle production and management that have global implications.