Effect of Selected Insecticides on Lygus hesperus (Heteroptera: Miridae) Oviposition Behavior in Cotton
- Additional Document Info
- View All
Oviposition behavior of western tarnished plant bug, Lygus hesperus Knight, as affected by residual insecticides, was studied in potted as well as field-grown cotton. In this study, we investigated the spatial distribution and phytotomical preference of Lygus oviposition in presquaring and blooming cotton, as affected by selected insecticides. Flonicamid, acephate, and cypermethrin were applied to cotton at 82, 516, and 114 g (active ingredient)/ha, respectively. At 3 d posttreatment, a gravid female Lygus was caged on the plants. After 4 d, caged plants were harvested and eggs were counted by whole plant dissection. Results indicated significantly greater egg deposition in untreated controls than treated plants in both potted and field-grown cotton. For untreated plants, Lygus preferred to oviposit on the pulvinus and leaf petiole, where 76 and 85% of eggs were laid in potted and field-grown cotton, respectively. For insecticide-treated plants, no plant structure preference was observed, although fewer eggs were laid. The upper stratum of the plant canopy had significantly more eggs than the lower or middle strata of untreated plants, while more eggs were observed in the middle strata of plants treated with acephate in field-grown cotton. Sublethal effects could not be adequately assessed in the cypermethrin treatment owing to high Lygus mortality.
author list (cited authors)
Balachandran, A., Parajulee, M. N., & Kerns, D. L.