Microsatellite landscape evolutionary dynamics across 450 million years of vertebrate genome evolution. Academic Article uri icon


  • The evolutionary dynamics of simple sequence repeats (SSRs or microsatellites) across the vertebrate tree of life remain largely undocumented and poorly understood. In this study, we analyzed patterns of genomic microsatellite abundance and evolution across 71 vertebrate genomes. The highest abundances of microsatellites exist in the genomes of ray-finned fishes, squamate reptiles, and mammals, while crocodilian, turtle, and avian genomes exhibit reduced microsatellite landscapes. We used comparative methods to infer evolutionary rates of change in microsatellite abundance across vertebrates and to highlight particular lineages that have experienced unusually high or low rates of change in genomic microsatellite abundance. Overall, most variation in microsatellite content, abundance, and evolutionary rate is observed among major lineages of reptiles, yet we found that several deeply divergent clades (i.e., squamate reptiles and mammals) contained relatively similar genomic microsatellite compositions. Archosauromorph reptiles (turtles, crocodilians, and birds) exhibit reduced genomic microsatellite content and the slowest rates of microsatellite evolution, in contrast to squamate reptile genomes that have among the highest rates of microsatellite evolution. Substantial branch-specific shifts in SSR content in primates, monotremes, rodents, snakes, and fish are also evident. Collectively, our results support multiple major shifts in microsatellite genomic landscapes among vertebrates.

published proceedings

  • Genome

altmetric score

  • 0.5

author list (cited authors)

  • Adams, R. H., Blackmon, H., Reyes-Velasco, J., Schield, D. R., Card, D. C., Andrew, A. L., Waynewood, N., & Castoe, T. A.

citation count

  • 26

complete list of authors

  • Adams, Richard H||Blackmon, Heath||Reyes-Velasco, Jacobo||Schield, Drew R||Card, Daren C||Andrew, Audra L||Waynewood, Nyimah||Castoe, Todd A

editor list (cited editors)

  • Katju, V.

publication date

  • May 2016

published in