Alterations of Ocular Hemodynamics Impair Ophthalmic Vascular and Neuroretinal Function. Academic Article uri icon


  • Hypertension is associated with numerous diseases, but its direct impact on the ocular circulation and neuroretinal function remains unclear. Herein, mouse eyes were challenged with different levels of hemodynamic insult via transverse aortic coarctation, which increased blood pressure and flow velocity by 50% and 40%, respectively, in the right common carotid artery, and reduced those parameters by 30% and 40%, respectively, in the left common carotid artery. Blood velocity in the right central retinal artery gradually increased up to 40% at 4 weeks of transverse aortic coarctation, and the velocity in the left central retinal artery gradually decreased by 20%. The fundus and retinal architecture were unaltered by hemodynamic changes. Endothelium-dependent vasodilations to acetylcholine and adenosine were reduced only in right (hypertensive) ophthalmic arteries. Increased cellularity in the nerve fiber/ganglion cell layers, enhanced glial fibrillary acidic protein expression, and elevated superoxide level were found only in hypertensive retinas. The electroretinogram showed decreased scotopic b-waves in the hypertensive eyes and decreased scotopic oscillatory potentials in both hypertensive and hypotensive eyes. In conclusion, hypertension sustained for 4 weeks causes ophthalmic vascular dysfunction, retinal glial cell activation, oxidative stress, and neuroretinal impairment. Although ophthalmic vasoregulation is insensitive to hypotensive insult, the ocular hypoperfusion causes neuroretinal dysfunction.

published proceedings

  • Am J Pathol

altmetric score

  • 0.25

author list (cited authors)

  • Tsai, S., Xie, W., Zhao, M., Rosa, R. H., Hein, T. W., & Kuo, L.

citation count

  • 7

complete list of authors

  • Tsai, Shu-Huai||Xie, Wankun||Zhao, Min||Rosa, Robert H||Hein, Travis W||Kuo, Lih

publication date

  • January 2018