Global biodiversity and phylogenetic evaluation of remipedia (crustacea). Academic Article uri icon


  • Remipedia is one of the most recently discovered classes of crustaceans, first described in 1981 from anchialine caves in the Bahamas Archipelago. The class is divided into the order Enantiopoda, represented by two fossil species, and Nectiopoda, which contains all known extant remipedes. Since their discovery, the number of nectiopodan species has increased to 24, half of which were described during the last decade. Nectiopoda exhibit a disjunct global distribution pattern, with the highest abundance and diversity in the Caribbean region, and isolated species in the Canary Islands and in Western Australia. Our review of Remipedia provides an overview of their ecological characteristics, including a detailed list of all anchialine marine caves, from which species have been recorded. We discuss alternative hypotheses of the phylogenetic position of Remipedia within Arthropoda, and present first results of an ongoing molecular-phylogenetic analysis that do not support the monophyly of several nectiopodan taxa. We believe that a taxonomic revision of Remipedia is absolutely essential, and that a comprehensive revision should include a reappraisal of the fossil record.

published proceedings

  • PLoS One

altmetric score

  • 54.276

author list (cited authors)

  • Neiber, M. T., Hartke, T. R., Stemme, T., Bergmann, A., Rust, J., Iliffe, T. M., & Koenemann, S.

citation count

  • 31

complete list of authors

  • Neiber, Marco T||Hartke, Tamara R||Stemme, Torben||Bergmann, Alexandra||Rust, Jes||Iliffe, Thomas M||Koenemann, Stefan

editor list (cited editors)

  • Stepanova, A.

publication date

  • May 2011