Soil Bacterial Community Was Changed after Brassicaceous Seed Meal Application for Suppression of Fusarium Wilt on Pepper.
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Application of Brassicaceous seed meal (BSM) is a promising biologically based disease-control practice but BSM could directly and indirectly also affect the non-target bacterial communities, including the beneficial populations. Understanding the bacterial response to BSM at the community level is of great significance for directing plant disease management through the manipulation of resident bacterial communities. Fusarium wilt is a devastating disease on pepper. However, little is known about the response of bacterial communities, especially the rhizosphere bacterial community, to BSM application to soil heavily infested with Fusarium wilt pathogen and cropped with peppers. In this study, a 25-day microcosm incubation of a natural Fusarium wilt pathogen-infested soil supplemented with three BSMs, i.e., Camelina sativa 'Crantz' (CAME), Brassica juncea 'Pacific Gold' (PG), and a mixture of PG and Sinapis alba cv. 'IdaGold' (IG) (PG+IG, 1:1 ratio), was performed. Then, a further 35-day pot experiment was established with pepper plants growing in the BSM treated soils. The changes in the bacterial community in the soil after 25 days of incubation and changes in the rhizosphere after an additional 35 days of pepper growth were investigated by 454 pyrosequencing technique. The results show that the application of PG and PG+IG reduced the disease index by 100% and 72.8%, respectively, after 35 days of pepper growth, while the application of CAME did not have an evident suppressive effect. All BSM treatments altered the bacterial community structure and decreased the bacterial richness and diversity after 25 days of incubation, although this effect was weakened after an additional 35 days of pepper growth. At the phylum/class and the genus levels, the changes in specific bacterial populations resulting from the PG and PG+IG treatments, especially the significant increase in Actinobacteria-affiliated Streptomyces and an unclassified genus and the significant decrease in Chloroflexi, were suspected to be one of the microbial mechanisms involved in PG-containing BSM-induced disease suppression. This study is helpful for our understanding of the mechanisms that lead to contrasting plant disease severity after the addition of different BSMs.
author list (cited authors)
Ren, G., Ma, Y., Guo, D., Gentry, T. J., Hu, P., Pierson, E. A., & Gu, M.
complete list of authors
Ren, Gaidi||Ma, Yan||Guo, Dejie||Gentry, Terry J||Hu, Ping||Pierson, Elizabeth A||Gu, Mengmeng