Membrane changes in lipopolysaccharide-stimulated murine B lymphocytes associated with cell activation. Academic Article uri icon


  • The lateral diffusion of the fluorescent lipid analog 3,3'-dioctadecylindocarbocyanine iodide (DiI) was measured in the membranes of murine B lymphocytes treated with the B cell mitogen lipopolysaccharide (LPS). The mobility of DiI, as measured by fluorescence photobleaching recovery (FPR) techniques, was temperature-dependent with a value of 6.1.10(-9) cm2 s-1 at 37 degrees C. Untreated cells exhibited this diffusion coefficient over 72 h in culture. In contrast, DiI mobility decreased to 2.0.10(-9) cm2 s-1 at 37 degrees C in membranes of LPS-stimulated lymphocytes 24 h following LPS exposure. Interestingly, this decreased lipid lateral diffusion was not accompanied by any change in surface immunoglobulin lateral diffusion which remained essentially unchanged at 3.6-4.3.10(-11) cm2 s-1 over 72 h. To determine whether LPS effects on lipid lateral diffusion were due to insertion of LPS into the cell plasma membrane, we examined TRITC-LPS diffusion in B lymphocytes from LPS-responsive Balb/c and C3Heb/FeJ mice and from hypo-responsive C3H/HeJ mice. DiI and TRITC-LPS mobility decreased more than 50% in LPS-stimulated Balb/c and C3Heb/FeJ cells by 72 h. On C3H/HeJ lymphocytes, there was no change in DiI or TRITC-LPS lateral diffusion throughout the incubation period. These data indicate that B lymphocyte membrane composition is altered in LPS-activated lymphoblasts and that the decreased lateral diffusion of lipid probes does not result from membrane perturbation by LPS insertion into the lipid bilayer. Further, similarities between TRITC-LPS and DiI lateral diffusion suggest that most LPS molecules interact non-specifically with B cell membranes, presumably by acyl chain insertion of the lipid A moiety.

published proceedings

  • Biochim Biophys Acta

altmetric score

  • 3

author list (cited authors)

  • Printen, J. A., Woodard, S. L., Herman, J. R., Roess, D. A., & Barisas, B. G.

citation count

  • 1

complete list of authors

  • Printen, JA||Woodard, SL||Herman, JR||Roess, DA||Barisas, BG

publication date

  • May 1993