Adaptive 100% Injection-Based Generator Stator Ground Fault Protection With Real-Time Fault Location Capability Academic Article uri icon


  • 2018 IEEE. The paper presents a novel adaptive stator ground fault protection scheme with fault location capability for high-impedance grounded synchronous generators. The protection scheme uses already available neutral grounding signals in the existing subharmonic injection protection to obtain a Kalman adaptive filter (KAF) for real-time stator insulation parameter estimation. The KAF estimator yields a method of continuous tracking of stator insulation condition during healthy operations. This information is then used for real-time stator ground fault detection as well as fault location. The effectiveness of the proposed method is verified using extensive experiments performed on a lab-scale unit-connected generating station.

published proceedings


author list (cited authors)

  • Safari-Shad, N., Franklin, R., Negahdari, A., & Toliyat, H. A.

citation count

  • 26

complete list of authors

  • Safari-Shad, Nader||Franklin, Russ||Negahdari, Amir||Toliyat, Hamid A

publication date

  • October 2018