Metabolic-endocrine correlates of the lateral hypothalamic syndrome: the first 48 hours. Academic Article uri icon


  • Mature (224 g) male Sprague-Dawley rats received bilateral electrolytic (1 mA for 8 sec) lesions in the lateral hypothalamic area (LHAL) or sham operations (CON). One group of CON was allowed to eat ad lib (CON-ADLIB), a second CON group was pair-fed to the LHAL rats (CON-PF). Tap water was available ad lib. Two days after the operation/sham operation all rats were killed by decapitation. Body weight, body weight change, food intake, carcass fat, liver weight, epididymal fat pad weight, in vitro incorporation of U-C14-glucose into liver total lipid, glycogen and CO2 (oxidation) (DPM, DPM/mg protein) as well as oxidation in fat pad tissue, plasma glucose and insulin were significantly reduced in LHAL and CON-PF rats compared with CON-ADLIB. Glucose carbon incorporation into epididymal fat pad lipid and glycogen were normal in LHAL and CON-PF. Liver protein and plasma free fatty acids (FFA) were both higher in LHAL and CON-PF than in CON-ADLIB groups. Thus, many of the somatic and metabolic changes that appear in the first few days after lesion production are simply due to hypophagia. However, CON-PF rats also exhibited some significant differences from the LHAL group, i.e., their plasma glucose and incorporation of glucose carbon into liver glycogen (DPM) were significantly lower than in LHAL rats; alternatively, plasma FFA levels were higher in CON-PF than in LHAL rats. Also, liver weight/100 g body weight was lower and fat pad weight/100 g body weight was higher in CON-PF than in LHAL rats.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

published proceedings

  • Pharmacol Biochem Behav

author list (cited authors)

  • Bernardis, L. L., Bellinger, L. L., & Awad, A.

citation count

  • 8

complete list of authors

  • Bernardis, LL||Bellinger, LL||Awad, A

publication date

  • November 1990