Gsta4 modifies susceptibility to skin tumor development in mice and humans Conference Paper uri icon


  • Abstract The incidence of non-melanoma skin cancer (NMSC) is equivalent to that of all other human cancers combined, and genetic factors contribute to risk of the disease. Using genetic crosses of skin tumor promotion sensitive DBA/2 mice with relatively resistant C57BL/6 mice, loci that modify susceptibility to tumor promotion by 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA) have been mapped to chromosomes (chr) 1, 2, 9, and 19. Here, we show that Glutathione S-transferase alpha 4 (Gsta4), which maps to skin tumor promotion susceptibility locus Psl1.2 on chr 9, was expressed at significantly different levels in the epidermis of C57BL/6 versus DBA/2 mice following treatment with diverse promoting agents. Gsta4 expression was dramatically upregulated in the epidermis of C57BL/6 mice, but not DBA/2 mice, following treatment with TPA, okadaic acid, chrysarobin, or ultraviolet light. Gsta4 deficient mice were more susceptible to skin tumor development in the two-stage skin carcinogenesis protocol providing compelling evidence that Gsta4 underlies the effect of Psl1.2 on susceptibility to skin tumor promotion by TPA. A number of polymorphisms were detected in the putative promoter region of Gsta4 in C57BL/6 versus DBA/2 mice, and ongoing studies are addressing the genetic basis of strain-specific expression of Gsta4 during tumor promotion. Finally, inheritance of polymorphisms in GSTA4 was associated with risk of NMSC in human populations, further supporting Gsta4/GSTA4 as a gene that modifies susceptibility to skin tumor development. Supported by NIH grant ES016623. Citation Format: {Authors}. {Abstract title} [abstract]. In: Proceedings of the 101st Annual Meeting of the American Association for Cancer Research; 2010 Apr 17-21; Washington, DC. Philadelphia (PA): AACR; Cancer Res 2010;70(8 Suppl):Abstract nr 4210.

published proceedings


author list (cited authors)

  • Abel, E. L., Angel, J. M., Riggs, P. K., Langfield, L., Jiang, A., Carbajal, S., ... DiGiovanni, J.

complete list of authors

  • Abel, Erika L||Angel, Joe M||Riggs, Penny K||Langfield, Laura||Jiang, Anna||Carbajal, Steve||Lo, Herng-Hsiang||Person, Maria||Awasthi, Yogesh||Wang, L-E||Strom, Sara||Wei, Qingyi||DiGiovanni, John

publication date

  • January 1, 2010 11:11 AM