The Cryo-Thermochromatographic Separator (CTS): A new rapid separation and α-detection system for on-line chemical studies of highly volatile osmium and hassium (Z=108) tetroxides Academic Article uri icon

abstract

  • The Cryo-Thermochromatographic Separator (CTS) was designed and constructed for rapid, continuous on-line separation and simultaneous detection of highly volatile compounds of short-lived α-decaying isotopes of osmium and hassium (Hs, Z = 108). A flowing carrier gas containing the volatile species is passed through a channel formed by two facing rows of 32 α-particle detectors, cooled to form a temperature gradient extending from 247 K at the channel entrance down to 176 K at the exit. The volatile species adsorb onto the SiO2-coated detector surfaces at a characteristic deposition temperature and are identified by their observed α-decay energies. The CTS was tested on-line with OsO4 prepared from 169-173Os isotopes produced in 118,120Sn(56Fe, 3,4,5n) reactions. An adsorption enthalpy for OsO4 of -40.2 ± 1.5 kJ/mol on SiO2 was deduced by comparing the measured deposition distribution with Monte Carlo simulations. This successful result demonstrates that such a system provides a viable means for the first chemical study of hassium - which is expected to be a homologue of osmium - by determining whether it forms a similarly volatile oxide. © 2001 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.

author list (cited authors)

  • Kirbach, U. W., Folden, C. M., Ginter, T. N., Gregorich, K. E., Lee, D. M., Ninov, V., ... Nitsche, H.

citation count

  • 60

publication date

  • May 2002