Comparison of Surface Mounted Permanent Magnet Coaxial Radial Flux Magnetic Gears Independently Optimized for Volume, Cost, and Mass Academic Article uri icon


  • 1972-2012 IEEE. This study employs a genetic algorithm (GA) to optimize surface mounted permanent magnet coaxial radial flux magnetic gear designs using both 2-D finite element analysis (FEA) and 3-D FEA. Specifically, the GA optimizes different designs, which are all rated for a stall torque of 500 Nm and a gear ratio of approximately 5, to independently maximize volumetric torque density (VTD), torque per dollar (TPD), and gravimetric torque density (GTD). Maximum VTDs of 274 and 210 kNm/m3 were obtained with 2-D and 3-D simulations, respectively. Including the space required to provide an axial buffer for leakage flux resulted in a maximum leakage adjusted VTD of 162 kNm/m3. Maximum TPDs of 5.86 and 5.47 Nm/ were obtained with 2-D and 3-D simulations, respectively. Maximum GTDs of 102.8 and 86.8 Nm/kg were obtained with 2-D and 3-D simulations, respectively. The results demonstrate that independently maximizing these three metrics leads to markedly different designs with widely varying performance characteristics. The most significant differences occur between the maximum VTD and maximum TPD designs, and the analysis includes a thorough discussion of the dominant design parameters driving this phenomenon. Finally, the impacts of end effects on the optimal design parameters are also illustrated to demonstrate that consideration of these 3-D effects leads to significantly different performance predictions and to different optimal design selections.

published proceedings


author list (cited authors)

  • Gardner, M. C., Jack, B. E., Johnson, M., & Toliyat, H. A.

citation count

  • 35

complete list of authors

  • Gardner, Matthew C||Jack, Benjamin E||Johnson, Matthew||Toliyat, Hamid A

publication date

  • May 2018