Molecular Modeling of Chemoreceptor:Ligand Interactions. Academic Article uri icon


  • Docking algorithms have been widely used to elucidate ligand:receptor interactions that are important in biological function. Here, we introduce an in-house developed docking-refinement protocol that combines the following innovative features. (1) The use of multiple short molecular dynamics (MD) docking simulations, with residues within the binding pocket of the receptor unconstrained, so that the binding modes of the ligand in the binding pocket may be exhaustively examined. (2) The initial positioning of the ligand within the binding pocket based on complementary shape, and the use of both harmonic and quartic spherical potentials to constrain the ligand in the binding pocket during multiple short docking simulations. (3) The selection of the most probable binding modes generated by the short docking simulations using interaction energy calculations, as well as the subsequent application of all-atom MD simulations and physical-chemistrybased free energy calculations to elucidate the most favorable binding mode of the ligand in complex with the receptor. In this chapter, we provide step-by-step instructions on how to computationally investigate the binding of small-molecule ligands to protein receptorsby examiningas control and test cases, respectively, the binding of L-serine and R-3,4-dihydroxymandelic acid (R-DHMA) to the Escherichia coli chemoreceptor Tsr. Similar computational strategies can be used for the molecular modeling of a series of ligand:protein receptor interactions.

published proceedings

  • Methods Mol Biol

author list (cited authors)

  • Orr, A. A., Jayaraman, A., & Tamamis, P.

citation count

  • 4

complete list of authors

  • Orr, Asuka A||Jayaraman, Arul||Tamamis, Phanourios

publication date

  • February 2018