An Assessment of Coastal Zone Hazard Mitigation Plans in Texas Academic Article uri icon


  • The U.S. Federal EmergencyManagement Agency requires jurisdictions to develop hazardmitigation plans (HMPs) to be eligible for hazard mitigation grants based on the 2000 Disaster Mitigation Act. As of May 2007, over 14,000 local jurisdictions in the US have developed single or multi-jurisdiction local hazard mitigation plans. However, little empirical research has examined the quality of local HMPs. This study develops a comprehensive HMP assessment protocol and then assesses the status of twelve HMPs within the Texas coastal management zone. The components of these plans are systematically examined in order to highlight their strengths and weaknesses. The average plan quality score (PS) was only 41.6 on a 100-point scale, with a high of 53.3 and a low of 28.7. Regional and county plans displayed higher PSQs than city plans. Most disconcerting was the finding of very low component quality scores forfact basisat 33.6 and mitigationpolicies & actionsat only 28.2. These two components are at the heart of HMPs. The relatively lowPSandCSresults suggest that there are significant improvements that should be undertaken in future iterations of HMPs to better insure long-term disaster resilience of local jurisdictions along the Texas coast.

published proceedings


author list (cited authors)

  • Kang, J. E., Peacock, W. G., & Husein, R.

citation count

  • 24

complete list of authors

  • Kang, Jung Eun||Peacock, Walter Gillis||Husein, Rahmawati

publication date

  • January 2010